What to do in emergency situations?
What to do in emergency?
Today about something, that I think all of us can use little refreshment of and probably some people don’t even know how to behave in certain emergency situations, many of them can be life threatening and you don’t want to get paralysed and not be able to help those in need.
The inspiration for the subject came again from a friend, who told me about her daughter being stung by the bee and how if she didn’t know child that was allergic to bee venom and how to react afterwards, she could have died. Petrifying thought, but that’s exactly the truth. In fact my father is allergic to it as well, so I know such emergency situation very well.
Ok, I’ll focus here on several situations and what to do when they happen. Both, my friend and I, finished first aid course and experienced quite a few of those emergency situations in life, so you get both practice and theory.
Most common emergency situations.
Let’s start with above – possible anaphylactic shock. It’s a situation where person reacts to bee, wasp sting, or ate something that causes allergy. Symptoms in this case can be: hives, itching in one place or all over the body, sudden swelling, malaise, dizziness or head ache, in extreme cases swelling of the upper respiratory tract causing suffocation.
As a warning to people who know, that are at risk of such reactions, they should visit a doctor and have on them information about allergy and epinephrine syringe, such shot relaxes respiratory tract, accelerates the heart rate and gives a room of about 20 minutes to get to the hospital or ambulance to arrive.
Even if a person never experienced reaction to venom, you never know when this can happen and as a precaution, carry with you antihistamines i.e. claritine, easy to get in any pharmacy. Once taken, they will slow down the reaction, before you get medical assistance. Another warning though, do not drive after being stung and taking the medication, it can slow your response time and make you sleepy. So, this was emergency number one, very popular in this season.
Swimming emergency situations
Number two, also season for that right now – accidents while swimming. You can experience quite a few emergency situations such as: dealing with current, vortex, muscle spasm. Should you get caught in the current, experts advice to swim very slowly along the beach line. Should you get pulled into the centre of a vertical vortex, take a deep breath and dive as soon as possible to its bottom. Flip to the bottom and swim to the side of the vortex up back to the surface.
Now, muscle spasm emergency, very unpleasant indeed. Remain calm, do not panic, take a deep breath, lie down on your back and let the water carry you, alternately tense and relax the muscle, which suffered a contraction. In case of leg muscle contraction (usually calves), grab the toes and pull them together, stretching the calf until the pain passes. Should you experience abdominal muscle contraction, place yourself on your back, spread your arms and legs and float on the water until you are able to swim to shore. If you feel a painful spasm of the larynx, swallow saliva repeatedly.
Ok, so, those are the most common water emergency situations.
Now, also connected with water, but this time in your vehicle. I don’t have to say, do not drive in the water, but yes, it does happen, and then what. It only takes 30 cm to carry the car deeper into the water. If you can get out of the car and if you can’t get to shore, get on the roof and hopefully you will see someone or can call someone.
Should your car fall from the bridge during accident, lower your windows immediately, water can damage electronics. Water will pour inside, but it will equalize the pressure inside and let you open the door, if you manage get out through the window. You can also break the glass, just remember that front shield is often the thickest.
Next and last for today poisoning. Most common are due to overdose of medicine, CO poisoning and those in contact with chemical detergents. If you got exposed to solvent, caustic agents, petrol or petroleum products, do not cause vomiting.You could choke which could lead to pneumonia or respiratory failure. Do not neutralize acid with alkali and the other way around, as this can worsen the emergency.
Call ambulance right away. Caustic poison can be diluted by drinking a glass of water, what works even better is egg white whipped with milk ( 2 white for 1 glass of milk).
Colorless and odorless carbon monoxide (fumes) is deadly poisonous. It would be a great precaution to have CO sensor installed. First symptoms are dizziness and head ache. Air the place immediately i call the ambulance. If you inhaled some other harmful substance, such as chlorine or ammonia, leave the place as soon as possible and call the ambulance. If it got on your skin, wash it off immediately.
Ok, enough horror emergency for today, but in fact, drama is going to be avoided if someone knows about it beforehand. Few more next time.
And for the weekend, have a great time, emergency free and all the best:)